Topic : Tanzania Human Development Report 2014 : Economic Transformation for Human Development
A process has began to prepare Tanzania’s own Human Development Report for 2014. This follows recent publication by UNDP of the global Human Development Report (HDR) 2013 titled “Rise of the South: Human Development in Diverse World” . Tanzania has been producing its own derivative of the HDR every two years since 2002, called Poverty and Human Development Reports (PHDR), with the last one in 2011). But the PHDR has been used mainly as a key output of the MKUKUTA Monitoring System. This is to change henceforth to address more directly economic growth and human development.
Tanzania’s performance in terms of economic growth in the last decade was among the highest in SSA. The country attained a growth rate of above 6 per cent annually between 2001 and 2012 (even though this was as against the target per annum of the TDV 2025 of 8-9 percent). The national flagship programmes for guiding this growth have been TDV-2025, MKUKUTA/MKUZA (I&II), LTSP and FYDP. Notwithstanding the achievements made in economic growth, poverty reduction has remained elusive. For instance, the proportion of people living below the food poverty line in 2006/07 was 16.6% in 2007, down from 22% in 1990. Thus the MDG target of 10.5% may not be met.
On the other hand, in addition to the satisfactory country’s macroeconomic position, particularly on the GDP growth dimension, the prospects for the future are looking bright on account of the discoveries made in natural resources such as natural gas, uranium and other minerals. Thus, in order to push for higher and sustainable growth, a more robust mechanisms of addressing poverty reduction is to put to centre stage the focus of human development.Thus serious soul searching and interrogations have resulted in convincing justification to adopt a paradigm shift in the production of comprehensive human development reports. The Title of the 2014 report is to be changed to Tanzania Human Development Report (THDR), which thus embraces the comprehensive meaning of human development needs which is wider than just poverty reduction addressed in previous T-PHDR series . The rallying theme of the first issue of THDR to be published in 2014 is Economic Transformation for Human Development. It will chart a new pathway for Tanzania to exploit the current growth momentum and future prospects for greater sustainable human development.